[Forthcoming] This is Epistemology (with C. Littlejohn). Wiley-Blackwell.

[2018]  A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How  (with T. Poston), Critical Introductions to Contemporary Epistemology series, ed. S. Hetherington, Bloomsbury. (link)

[2016] Metaepistemology and Relativism Palgrave Innovations in Philosophy series, eds. Hendricks, V. & Pritchard, D. (PDF) Reviewed here and here





[Forthcoming] The Epistemology of Group Disagreement  (with F. Broncano-Berrocal). London: Routledge.

[Forthcoming] Well-Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation  (with P. Bondy). London: Routledge. 

[2018] Socially Extended Epistemology (with A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos, and D. Pritchard). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[2018] Extended Epistemology (with A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos, and D. Pritchard). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[2017] Knowledge-First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind (with E.C. Gordon & B. Jarvis). Oxford: Oxford University Press.  (Introduction) (OUP page)

[2017] The Moral Psychology of Pride (with E.C. Gordon). Moral Psychology of the Emotions series, (series editor, Mark Alfano), Rowman & Littlefield. (link)





[Forthcoming] De Minimis Normativism: A New Theory of Full Aptness. Philosophical Quarterly. [Winner of the 2019 Philosophical Quarterly Prize Essay Competition.] (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Value in the Subpersonal Vale (with R. Rupert) Synthese. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Skepticism Motivated: On the Skeptical Import of Motivated Reasoning (with R. McKenna) Canadian Journal of Philosophy. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Technologically Scaffolded Atypical Cognition: The Case of YouTube’s Recommender System (with M. Alfano, A. Fard, P. Clutton, and C. Klein) Synthese. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Trust, Distrust and Epistemic Injustice (with D. Meehan) Educational Philosophy and Theory  (NON-FINAL PDF)

[Forthcoming] On Behalf of a Bi-Level Account of Trust Philosophical Studies. (PDF)   [Forthcoming] Varieties of Cognitive Integration (with J. Kallestrup) Noûs. (PDF)

[Forthcoming]  Exercising Abilities Synthese. (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming]  Epistemic Perceptualism, Skill and the Regress Problem Philosophical Studies. (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Absolutism, Relativism and Metaepistemology (with R. McKenna) Erkenntnis

[Forthcoming] Radical Scepticism and the Epistemology of Confusion International Journal for the Study of Skepticism. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Educating for Intellectual Virtues: A Critique from Action Guidance (with B. Kotzee and H. Siegel). Episteme. (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Knowledge-How, Understanding-Why and Epistemic Luck: An Experimental Study (with D. Pritchard and J. Shepherd), Review of Philosophy and Psychology). (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Autonomy, Cognitive Offloading and Education Educational Theory. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Archimedean Metanorms  For Topoi  (special issue on Disagreement: Perspectives from Argumentation Theory and Epistemology, (ed.) P. Bondy and D. Godden). (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Sosa Versus Kornblith on Grades of Knowledge (with R. McKenna) Synthese (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Intellectual Autonomy, Epistemic Dependence and Cognitive Enhancement Synthese(PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] The Philosophy of Memory Technologies: Metaphysics, Knowledge and Values (with R. Heersmink) Memory Studies. (PDF)|(DOI)

[Forthcoming] Sosa on Knowledge, Judgment and Guessing. Synthese, special issue on the Philosophy of Ernest Sosa, (ed.) C. Kelp. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2019] The Epistemology of Cognitive Enhancement (with D. Pritchard). Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44(2): 242-240. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2018] On Behalf of Controversial View Agnosticism European Journal of Philosophy  26(4): 1358–1370. (DOI)

[2018] Meta-Epistemic Defeat. Synthese 195(7): 2877–2896 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2018] Technological Seduction and Self-Radicalization  (with M. Alfano and M. Cheong)  Journal of the American Philosophical Association  4(3): 298-322 (PDF)|(DOI) [Reprinted in The Philosopher's Annual, Vol. 38, Patrick Grim, Eduardo Martinez, Angela Sun and Elise Wood (eds)] 

[2018] The Basing Relation and the Impossibility of the Debasing Demon (with P. Bondy). American Philosophical Quarterly 55(3): (PDF)|(DOI)

[2018] Virtue Epistemology, Enhancement and Control Metaphilosophy, special issue on Connecting Virtues (eds. M. Croce and M.S. Vaccarezza), 49(3): 283-304. (PDF)

[2017] The Defeasibility of Knowledge-How (with J. Navarro) Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95(3): 662-685. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2017] Virtuous Insightfulness Episteme 14(4): 539-554  (PDF)|(DOI)

[2017] (Anti)-Anti-Intellectualism and the Sufficiency Thesis (with B. Czarnecki). Pacific Philosophical Quarterly. 98(1): 374–397 (PDF)|(DOI).

[2017] The Modal Account of Luck Revisited. (with M. Peterson). Synthese 194(6): 2175-2184. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2017] Semantic Inferentialism as a Form of Active Externalism (with J. Collin and S.O. Palermos). Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16(3): 387 - 402. (PDF)|(DOI)

 [2017] Assertion, Uniqueness and Epistemic Hypocrisy. Synthese 194(5): 1463-1476 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2017]  Googled Assertion (with E.C. Gordon) Philosophical Psychology 30(4): 486-497. (PDF

[2017] Is Having your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault? The Ethics of Extended Cognition (with S.O. Palermos). Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2(4): 542–560  (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016] On Epistemic Consequentialism and the Virtue Conflation Problem (with I.M. Church). Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5(4): 239-248.(PDF)|(DOI)

[2016] Knowledge, Assertion and Intellectual Humility (with E.C. Gordon). Logos & Episteme 7(4): 489-502  (PDF).

[2016] Not Knowing a Cat is a Cat: Analyticity and Knowledge Ascriptions (with M. Peterson and B. van Bezooijen). The Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7(4): 817-834 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016] Belief without Credence. (with B. Jarvis and K. Rubin).  Synthese 193 (8): 2323–2351. (PDF)|(DOI).

[2016]  Extended Cognition and Propositional Memory (with J. Kallestrup). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  92 (3): 691–714. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  On the Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle: Reply to Steglich-Petersen (with M. Peterson). Erkenntnis 81 (2): 297-304 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  Extended Knowledge-How (with B. Czarnecki). Erkenntnis 81 (2): 259-273 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  Perceptual Knowledge and Relevant Alternatives (with D. Pritchard). Philosophical Studies 173 (4): 969-990 (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  Robust Virtue Epistemology as Anti-Luck Epistemology: A New Solution. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly  97(1): 140-155. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  Epistemic Internalism, Content Externalism and the Subjective/Objective Justification Distinction (with S.O. Palermos). American Philosophical  Quarterly 53(3): 231-244. (PDF).

[2016]  Extended Emotion (with E.C. Gordon & S.O. Palermos).  Philosophical Psychology 29(2): 197-218. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2016]  Richard Rorty and Epistemic Normativity (with E. Kerr).  Social Epistemology 30(1): 3-24. (DOI)

[2016]  Group Peer Disagreement. Ratio 29(1): 11–28.  (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015]  Knowledge-How and Epistemic Value (with D. Pritchard).  Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4): 799-816. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] Group Knowledge and Epistemic DefeatErgo 2 (28): 711-735. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015]  Active Externalism and Epistemic Internalism (with S.O. Palermos). Erkenntnis 80: 753-772. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] Knowledge-How and Epistemic Luck (with D. Pritchard). Noûs  49 (3): 440-453. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] Knowledge-How and Cognitive Achievement (with D. Pritchard).  Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91(1): 181-199. (PDF)(DOI)

 [2015] Varieties of Cognitive Achievement. (with B. Jarvis & K. Rubin). Philosophical Studies 172 (6): 1603-1623. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] On the Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle (with M. Peterson). Erkenntnis 80 (1): 1-13. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] On Cognitive and Moral Enhancement: A Reply to Savulescu & Persson (with E.C. Gordon). Bioethics, 29 (3): 153-161. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] Openmindedness and Truth (with E.C. Gordon). Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 44 (2): 207-224. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] Varieties of Externalism (with J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos & D. Pritchard). Philosophical Issues (supplement to Noûs), 24 (1): 63-109. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] On Testimony and Transmission (with P. Nickel). Episteme 11(2): 145-155. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] A New Maneuver Against the Epistemic Relativist (with E.C. Gordon). Synthese 191(8): 1683-1695. (PDF) |(DOI)

[2014] Disagreement, Relativism and Doxastic Revision. Erkenntnis 79 (1): 155-172. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] Objectual Understanding and the Value Problem (with E.C.Gordon). American Philosophical Quarterly  51(1): 1-14. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2014] Relativism, Knowledge and Understanding. Episteme, 11 (1): 35-52. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2013] Extended Cognition and Epistemic Luck. Synthese 190 (18): 4201-4214. (PDF)|(DOI)

 [2013] Knowledge and the Value of Cognitive Ability (with B. Jarvis and K. Rubin), Synthese 190 (17): 3715-3729. (PDF)|(DOI)

 [2013] Knowledge: Value on the Cheap (with B. Jarvis and K. Rubin). Australasian Journal of Philosophy  91 (2): 249-263. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2013] Intelligence,Well-Being and Procreative Beneficence (with E. C. Gordon). Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2): 122-135. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2013] A Problem for Pritchard’s Anti-Luck Virtue Epistemology. 

Erkenntnis 78 (2):  253-275. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2012] Against Swamping (with B. Jarvis). Analysis 72(4): 690-699. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2012] Is Epistemic Expressivism Incompatible with Inquiry? (with M. Chrisman). Philosophical Studies 159: 323-339. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2012] On Stanley’s Intellectualism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20(5): 749-762. (DOI)

A Note on Assertion, Relativism [2012] and Future ContingentsLogos & Episteme 3(1): 139-144. (DOI

[2012] Recent Work on Moore’s Proof. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 2 (2): 115-144. (PDF)|DOI)

[2011] Norms of Assertion: The Quantity and Quality of Epistemic Support (with E.C. Gordon). Philosophia 39 (4): 615-635. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2011] Radical Skepticism, Closure and Robust Knowledge.  Journal of Philosophical Research 36, 115-137. (PDF)

[2011] Kvanvig on Pointless Truths and the Cognitive Ideal. Acta Analytica 26(3): 285-293. (DOI)

[2010] Anti-Luck Epistemology and Safety’s (Recent) Discontents

Philosophia 38(3): 517-532. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2008] Just the Right Thickness: A Defence of Second-Wave Virtue Epistemology (with G. Axtell). Philosophical Papers 37(3): 413-434. (PDF)


[Forthcoming] Collective (Telic) Virtue Epistemology Routledge Handbook of Social Virtue Epistemology  (ed. M. Alfano, C. Klein & J. De Ridder), Routledge. [NON-FINAL] (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Varieties of (Extended) Thought Manipulation For The Future of Freedom of Thought: Liberty, Technology, and Neuroscience, (eds.)  M. Blitz & C. Bublitz  (Palgrave Macmillan)  (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Deliberation and Group Disagreement (with F. Broncano Berrocal) for The Epistemology of Group Disagreement, (eds.) F. Broncano-Berrocal & J.A. Carter (Routledge). (PDF)

[Forthcoming] The Epistemology of Group Disagreement: An Introduction  for The Epistemology of Group Disagreement, (eds.) F. Broncano-Berrocal & J.A. Carter (Routledge) (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Autonomy and Externalism Epistemic Autonomy, (eds. K. Lougheed & J. Matheson), Routledge. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Introduction: The Epistemolgoy of Group Disagreement (with F. Broncano Berrocal) for The Epistemology of Group Disagreement, (eds.) F. Broncano-Berrocal & J.A. Carter (Routledge).

[Forthcoming] Politics, Deep Disagreement, and Relativism Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology  (ed. M. Hannon & J. De Ridder). [NON-FINAL] (PDF)

[Forthcoming] The Superstitious Lawyer's Inference (with P. Bondy) for Well-Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation, (ed.) P. Bondy & J.A. Carter, (Routledge) (PDF)[Forthcoming] Well-Founded Belief: An Introduction (with P. Bondy) for Well-Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation, (ed.) P. Bondy & J.A. Carter, (Routledge) (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Higher-Order Defeat in Collective Moral Epistemology (with D. Mortini) for Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology, (ed.) M. Klenk, (Routledge) (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Relativism and Externalism (with R. McKenna) for Routledge Handbook of Relativism (ed. M. Kusch). (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Intellectual Humility and Assertion (with E.C. Gordon) for Routledge Handbook on Intellectual Humility (eds. M. Alfano, A. Tanesini, M. Lynch). (draft)

 [Forthcoming] Virtue Perspectivism, Externalism, and Epistemic CircularityKnowledge from a Human Point of View, (eds). M. Massimi, (Synthese Library. (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Cognitive Goods, Open Futures and the Epistemology of Education for Journal of the Philosophy of Education book series, (ed). D. Bakhurst (Wiley-Blackwell). (PDF)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Luck and the Extended Mind for The Routledge Handbook of Theories of Luck (ed.) I.M. Church, London: Routledge (PDF). 

[Forthcoming] Extended Epistemology: An Introduction (with A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos and D. Pritchard), Oxford: Oxford University Press. (NON-FINAL PDF)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Relativism and the Naturalistic Fallacy  For The Naturalistic Fallacy  (ed.) N. Sinclair, Cambridge: CUP. (PDF).

[Forthcoming] New Humans: Ethics, Trust and the Extended Mind (with A. Clark & S.O. Palermos), Extended Epistemology (eds.) J.A. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos, and D. Pritchard). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (NON-FINAL PDF)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Disagreement, Diversity and Relativism, Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology (eds.) P. Graham, D. Henderson, M. Fricker & N.J.L.L. Pedersen. (NON-FINAL PDF).

Routledge Handbook for Virtue Epistemology (ed.) H.

 [Forthcoming] Virtue Epistemology and Extended Cognition Battaly (NON-FINAL PDF).

[Forthcoming] Extended Self-Knowledge (with D. Pritchard), Third-Person Self-Knowledge, Self-Interpretation, and Narrative, (eds.) J. Kirsch & P. Pedrini, (Springer, forthcoming). (NON-FINAL PDF)

[Forthcoming]  Extended Circularity: A New Puzzle for Extended Cognition (with J. Kallestrup). Extended Epistemology (eds.) J.A. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, S. O. Palermos & D. Pritchard, Oxford: OUP. (NON-FINAL (PDF)

[Forthcoming]  Extended Entitlement (with D. Pritchard). New Essays on Entitlement, (eds.) P. Graham & N. Pedersen, (Oxford UP). [Non-final version] (PDF

[2017] Inference to the Best Explanation and Epistemic Circularity (with D. Pritchard). Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation, (eds.) K. McCain & T. Poston, Oxford: OUP, 133-149. (PDF)

[2017] Knowledge-First: An Introduction (with E.C. Gordon & B. Jarvis), Knowledge-First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind (eds.) J.A. Carter, E.C. Gordon & B. Jarvis, Oxford: OUP, 1-18. (PDF)

[2017] The Moral Psychology of Pride: An IntroductionThe Moral Psychology of Pride (eds.) J.A. Carter and E.C. Gordon, Rowman & Littlefield, 1-12. (PDF)

[2017] Epistemic Pluralism, Epistemic Relativism and 'Hinge' Epistemology for Epistemic Pluralism, (ed.) A. Coliva & N. Pedersen, Palgrave Macmillan, 229-248. (PDF)

[2017]  Epistemic Situationism, Epistemic Dependence, and the Epistemology of Education (with D. Pritchard), Epistemic Situationism, (eds.) M. Alfano & A. Fairweather, (Oxford: OUP), 168-191. (PDF).

[2017] Are Theism and Atheism Totally Opposed? Can They Learn From Each Other? for Philosophy, Science & Religion for Everyone (eds.) M. Harris & D. Pritchard (London: Routledge), 82-92. (PDF)

[2017] Epistemological Implications of RelativismRoutledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism, (ed.) J.J. Ichikawa, Routledge, 292-302. (NON-FINAL PDF).

[2016]  Objectual Understanding, Factivity and Belief (with E.C. Gordon). Epistemic Reasons, Epistemic Norms, and Epistemic Goals, (eds.) M. Grajner & P. Schmechtig, Berlin: De Gruyter, 423-442. (PDF)

[2016] Cognitive Bias, Scepticism and Understanding (with D. Pritchard). 

Explaining Understanding (eds.), S. Grimm, C. Baumberger & S. Ammon, (Routledge), 272-292. (PDF).

 [2016]  Intellectual Humility, Knowledge-How, and Disagreement (with D. Pritchard), The Virtue Turn (eds.) M. Slote, E. Sosa & C. Mi, Routledge: pp. 49-63. (PDF)| (link)




[Forthcoming] Review of Epistemology, by Ernest SosaNotre Dame Philosophical Reviews  (draft 5 August 2017)

[Forthcoming] Review of MOOCS, by Jonathan Haber. (with Duncan Pritchard)  Teaching Philosophy. (PDF)

[2014] Review of Tim Henning & David P. Schweikard (eds). Knowledge, Virtue and Action: Essays on PuttingEpistemic Virtues to WorkNotre Dame Philosophical Reviews. (LINK).

[2013]. Review of Paul Faulkner’s Knowledge on Trust. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2): 409-413. (DOI)

[2012]. Review of Jason Baehr’s The Inquiring Mind. Philosophical Quarterly  63: 184-187. (DOI)

[2011].On E. Sosa’s Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge. Vol. 1 & 2. 

Protosociology. (PDF)

[2011] Review of Relativism and Monadic Truth by Herman Cappelen & John Hawthorne. Protosociology. (PDF)




[Forthcoming] The Ethics and Epistemology of Trust (with M. Simion). Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (NON-FINAL DRAFT)

[Forthcoming] Epistemic Pluralism (with A.K. Koch) Encyclopedia of Interest Groups, Lobbying and Public Affairs. (PDF)

[2018] The Value of Knowledge (with D. Pritchard and J. Turri) for Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (link)

[2017] Epistemic Luck (with F. Broncano-Berrocal) Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (PDF)

[2016] Epistemology and RelativismInternet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (link)

[2015]. The Epistemology of Education (with B. Kotzee). Oxford Bibliographies Online, forthcoming 2015. (PDF))

[2015] Active Externalism and Epistemology (with S.O. Palermos). Oxford Bibliographies Online, forthcoming 2015. (PDF)|(DOI)

[2015] Relativism. (with M. Baghramian), forthcoming in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, expected 2015. (link)

[2010] The Epistemology of Testimony. (with Duncan Pritchard). Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, 2010. (PDF)




[Forthcoming] Skepticism and Epistemic Angst  (with G. Leffetz and G. Dechauffour). Synthese. 

[Forthcoming] Knowledge, Virtue and Action: Eastern and Western Perspectives (with C. Mi, S.O. Palermos & D. Pritchard), special issue of Synthese(4) 

[Forthcoming] Intellectual Humility (with J. Kallestrup & D. Pritchard), special issue of Logos & Episteme. (overview)

[Forthcoming] (with J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos and D. Pritchard).   Varieties of Externalism: Epistemic, Content, Vehicle Special issue of American Philosophical Quarterly, forthcoming.

[2014] Extended Knowledge (with J. Kallestrup, S.O. Palermos and D. Pritchard). Philosophical Issues  Vol. 24 (1): 1-482. doi




 (with S.O. Palermos), for Knowing out of your Head [Forthcoming]theBlog, Forum for European Philosophy. (draft)

[2018] Welcome to the Machine (with N. McDonnell) for The Philosopher's Magazine. (PDF)


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